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The small Russian town of Pechory.
Pechorsky monastery, fortress of the 16 century, caves.
 

The small town of Pechory (In English does mean Caves), a local center, is situated near the Estonian border 53 kilometers from Pskov.

Old fortress. Monastery. Pskov. The walls and towers of the Pechory Monastery. Pskov region. The walls and towers of the Pechory Monastery. Fortress.

The main attraction of the town is the Holy-Pechory Assumption Orthodox Monastery of the caves, the oldest in Russia, being the monument of russian culture and military history. Originally located in the caves, the monastery gave the name to the town (in ancient Russian language "cave" sounded like "pechera".
The date of the monastery foundation is considered to be August 28, 1473. On that day   the monastery's founder, Saint Jonah (Shestnik) consecrated the Cathedral of the Dormishion of the Most Holy Mother of God, a church which was dug out of the hillside.
The monastery particularly flourished during the 16 century under Father Superior Cornelius. During those years a lot the monastery's buildings were erected and the monastery was fortified around by a stone wall with bastions. Slandered by envious people, Father Superior Cornelius was betrayed and finally beheaded by Tsar Ivan the Terrible on the 20th of February, 1570, and now numbers among the hosts of Saint-Martyrs.
The preparation for the Livonian war (1558 - 1583) led to the requirement to strengthen the border monastery. Most of the majestic and vigorous stone walls and towers of the monastery were built during 1560.
From the late 16 th to the early 18 th century the monastery was repeatedly besiege by the Swedes, Poles and Lithuanians.
During its military history the fortress only once was captured by the enemy, but in a day the enemy was banished by the courage and steadfast people.
At the beginning of Northern War (1701) Peter the Great visited the Pechory monastery. Foreseeing the use of fortress in military fights he ordered to strengthen it with earth walls, rolls, banks and ditches.
The military activity of the monastery-fortress finished with the conclusion of Nishtadt peace treaty in 1721. 140 years the fortress defended the borders of Russia. But till now it is a wonderful monument of Russian fortification Art.

Pskov region. The walls and towers of the Pechory Monastery. The contemporary appearance of the monastery is unusually picturesque. The fortress walls surround the wonderful architectural ensemble consisting of the churches of 15 - 19th centuries, a big belfry (with complete set of the ancient bells) and originally household constructions. Now the cloister has 11 churches, three among them are of cave type. Seventy monks live in the monastery. The monastery has a restoration of the icons, wonderful children choir. The main celebration of the monastery is the feast of Assumption of the Holy Virgin on 15/28 of August when plenty of pilgrims come to the monastery.
The walls and towers of the Pechory Monastery were restored in 1960 - 1968.   
In 1920 year according to the Tartu agreement Pechory region became Estonian. In 1940 year Estonia was joined the member of the Soviet Union and the population of the region got their homeland again.

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Rissian town of Pechory on the border with Estonia

Church Dormition and Intercession

The Vestiary

The ancient caves

The Large Belfry

The Church of the Annunciation

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