Russia. History of old Pskov cityRussian ancient Pskov cityhistory, architecture, chuch, monastery, fortress, towers, trap. Russian.pskovfood, cooking, recipespoetry, poemsrussia, pskov

ancient fortresses and monasteries in Pskov city History of old Pskov city. 
  Pskov churches and monasteries, civilian houses, merchant chambers  Dovmont's Town in Pskov Kremlin.

Dovmont Town is derived from Prince Dovmont, who is regarded as the creator of the second ring of fortifications.Dovmont's Town lies adjacent to the Krom's southern wall. 
The name "Dovmont's Town is derived from Prince Dovmont, who is regarded as the creator of the second ring of fortifications. Today remained only Basements of ancient churches.
Prince Dovmont Timophey came from Lithuania but he was baptized and accepted as the Prince of Pskov. He ruled Pskov for 33 years: 1266 - 1299.
On this small territory were built approximately twenty churches with chapels and belfries, few civil building at different times. 
Excavations have brought to light ancient stone cannonballs, arrow tips, Slavic and Baltic jewelry, and birch bark deeds (ancient letters).

The Administrative chamber (the state administrative offices) were built in 1692 - 1695. Dovmont Town in Pskov Kremlin.In order to secure their independence from the knights, the Pskovians elected a converted Lithuanian prince, named Dovmont, as their military leader and prince in 1266. Having fortified the town, Dovmont routed the knights at Rakovor and overran much of Estonia. His remains and sword are preserved in the local kremlin, and the core of the citadel, erected by him, still bears the name of Dovmont's town.

In year 1701, Tsar Peter I ordered the reconstruction of the Pskov fortress within the shortest time, it was out - of date and didn't meet modern requirements for the new war. Many churches were hidden beneath embankment of bastions and batteries. 
There were three churches - the Church of the Intercession, the Church of the Nativity of Christ, and the Church of the Holy Ghost - standing by the wall of Dovmont's Town facing the Pskova River (i.e., the eastern part) in the 14 Th. century. During the Northern War, Peter the Great ordered that the tops of churches were then shored up with earth and turned into batteries.

 The Administrative chamber. Dovmont Town in Pskov Kremlin.The Administrative chamber (the state administrative offices) were built in 1692 - 1695 to replace a burnt wooden one. They stood on a high foundation.
It was the main administrative institution of the mayor's government of Pskov in the 17 th century. A lofty porch ascends to the first floor. There, in the chamber, decorated with murals, the mayor himself "with his comrades" met in sessions; the casket with the state seal, the banner and the Pskov treasury were kept here too. Next to this chamber there was a big chamber for sub officials. The ground floor was occupied by archives and beneath there was a place for imprisonment of accused criminals under investigation.

The Krom wall facing this way was exposed to  assault. It was called Pershi or Persi, from the old Russian word "persi" meaning "chest". Enemy forces stormed the Krom from this side, where sword and shield made by a modern Pskovian artist there were no rivers to protect it. To defend the wall, the men of Pskov carved a moat in promontory. This moat was deep in ancient times and called the "Greblya", joined the Pskova and Velikaya rivers and was filled with water.
There were two gates. To the right were the main gates - the Holy gates, the main entrance to the Krom. To the left were the "Smerdy" gates for the common people.
There were two bridges across the moat: the Great Bridge, leading to the main gates, and the Smerdy Bridge, leading to the gates of the same name. The Krom's accessible wall - the Pershi - could now be seen in all its might. However, for safety's sake the Greblya moat was again filled up with earth, and only a shallow ditch left to show its location.

Sword and shield.

On the Persi wall in Dovmont town we can see now a sword and shield made by a modern Pskov's artist, the metal-sculptor, Vsevolod Smirnoff, and several small bells in honor of Prince Alexander Nevsky and victory over the Teutonic Knights at Chudskoye Lake in April 1242.